About the collection
The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek holds an extensive collection of newspapers. With 5,250 catalogued newspaper titles in the Periodicals Database (Zeitschriftendatenbank, ZDB), it has the second-largest collection of newspapers in Germany.
Particularly Bavarian newspapers have been collected extensively since their outset in the 17th century, not least through the tradition of legal deposits going back to as early as 1663. The systematic collection-building in the field of newspapers was intensified in the 1880s.
Main focuses of content
In addition to acquiring newspapers of supraregional importance, the following focal points with respect to content can be recognized, which are also marked by relatively numerous unique titles:
- Revolutionary newspapers of all political directions (1848/ 49)
- Party journals of highly diverse political orientations
- Catholic press in Bavaria
- Trade and club newspapers
- Humoristic-satirical journals (in particular from the 1850s to the 1920s)
- Newspaper supplements and official publications (the latter suffering substantial losses during the war)
All newspapers and official publications of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek published before 1945, but also corresponding newspaper titles of most other Bavarian libraries and archives, were determined systematically and catalogued in the Periodicals Database (ZDB) within the framework of a DFG project.
Newspapers and individual issues of newspapers which were published once with certainty, but of which not a single issue seems to exist any longer today (so-called "bibliographical ghosts" or "lost newspapers") are documented, and the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek continues looking for them.
A fairly large number of historical newspapers has already been digitized. There have been several projects, also in cooperation with archives, which made it possible to make around 25 Bavarian journals available online, among them the topical focus on "Bavarian Newspapers 1848 – 1850", for example.
A substantial portion of the copyright-free newspaper titles of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (over 1,000 newspaper titles) have been digitized within the framework of the public-private partnership with Google. These are made available consecutively via the newspaper portal of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, "digiPress".
The Bavarian newspapers published after 1945 have been preserved almost comprehensively by the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Currently, around 250 Bavarian newspapers are archived sustainably in the form of legal deposits.
In the course of the years, the collection profile has been expanded to increasingly also encompass important daily newspapers of other European countries, where possible of different political orientations. Outside the European area, important daily newspapers have also been purchased selectively. Moreover, more than 60 international and German newspapers are continuously subscribed in the form of printed issues or microfilm issues.
E-journals are gaining in importance. The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek holds individual licenses for some electronic journals. Among them are the Sueddeutsche Zeitung or the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, for example. The majority of electronic newspaper titles can be retrieved via two comprehensive databases: Via Nexis, covering several thousand international newspapers, and via wiso, whose press module offers full-text access to over 100 German-language newspapers.