Personal papers and fragmentary collections

Nobel Prize of Literature for Paul Heyse (detail) | © BSB/ Heyse-Archiv V.105
Nobel Prize of Literature for Paul Heyse (detail) | © BSB/ Heyse-Archiv V.105

Contact modern papers and autographs

For more specific requests please contact the Division Literary Archives and Autographs.

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Phone+49 89 28638-2263
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In the libraryReading Room for Manuscripts and Rare Books (2nd floor)

The collection in general

The library holds one of the most extensive collections of modern papers in German-speaking countries. Since the 16th century the collection has been steadily enhanced to comprise a wide range of subjects. Regionally it focuses mainly, but not exclusively, on the political and cultural history of Munich and Bavaria in its diverse aspects. With regard to content, the collection has a universal orientation.

Modern papers A – Z  (overview)
Modern papers according to professions  (PDF, 250 KB)

Since the heydays of humanism, the collection has become decidedly European in the scope of subjects, partly also with regard to the persons and languages represented. From the early 19th century onwards, non-European cultures have come to be represented in the papers of eminent explorers and scholars.

Dating back to the origins of the library founded by Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria in 1558, the collection now comprises approximately 1,100 entities. Over the centuries, it has continuously grown by acquisitions and donations.


In 1558 the first modern papers were acquired together with the private library of the Orientalist scholar Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter. The papers of the humanists and medical doctors Hermann and Hartmann Schedel followed next, being included in the private library of Johann Jakob Fugger, which was bought in 1571. The papers of the cartographer Philipp Apian were added to the collection in 1589.

Approximately 200 collections date from the 15th to the 18th centuries. In the wake of the dissolution of the monasteries, valuable new sources were added in the first decades of the 19th century, such as the papers of Prosper Goldhover and Bonifazius Sadler relating to the history of astronomy. When the Mannheim Court Library was transferred to Munich, the papers of the Camerarius family of humanist scholars became part of the collection, including substantial sources on the history of medicine in the 16th and 17th centuries.

As the collection became more and more well known, its growth accelerated in the course of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Dynasties of renowned scholars and artists in Munich and Bavaria traditionally gave their papers to the library, sometimes over several generations. Until recently important additions have been provided by their descendants. For additional information on papers of persons born or mainly active in Bavaria also refer to Bavarica.

Papers of persons born or mainly active in Bavaria

Special professions and subjects

In certain fields such as the classics, scholarly papers have been acquired from all over Germany. Amounting to about 50 provenances, the subject is one of the preeminent special subjects represented in the collection. A selection of pertinent papers can also be searched under antiquity.

Antiquity – Personal papers

The collection also includes personal papers from approximately 150 writers, in the 19th century notably the so-called "Münchner Dichterkreis", a group of writers gathering around Paul Heyse who in 1910 was awarded the Nobel Prize of Literature. His private personal papers belong to the most voluminous individual collections in this field. The papers of writers and poets are also recorded in the Literaturportal Bayern (Literature Portal Bavaria), augmented by a concise description and further links.

Literaturportal Bayern

About one eighth of the collection pertains to the fields of the sciences, mathematics, medicine and architecture.

Papers containing modern architectural drawings and related written sources have been digitized for the database ArchIcon and complemented by short descriptions.


Rulers and politicians of Bavaria are continuously represented. Provenances containing important political, military and cultural references to the period of 1914 to 1919 are included in the "Themenbibliothek Erster Weltkrieg" (Thematic library on the First World War) of the database Chronicon and can be searched by the keyword "Nachlass".

Thematic library on the First World War and the November Revolution  (in
List of collections pertaining to the First World War  (PDF, 188 KB)

The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek also owns an extensive collection of papers relating to music by composers, conductors, musicians, musicologists, music teachers or professors as well as music institutions in a wider sense. Traditionally, sources without written music have been kept in the Department of Manuscripts and Rare Books, whereas manuscript music, printed music and sound carriers as parts of personal papers have been integrated into the collections held in the Department of Music.

Papers relating to music

Apart from provenances split between the two collections, sources may also be found only in either of them. For a comprehensive overview of the collections please refer to the list of personal papers and collections pertaining to individual persons in the Department of Music.

List of personal papers and collections pertaining to individual persons in the Department of Music  (PDF, 263 KB)

Please address specific requests to the pertinent department.


Papers are mainly attributed to individual persons. Archives of societies and foundations are also represented.

Papers generally include handwritten or typewritten sources such as letters, speeches, lectures, random collections relating to a specific subject, preliminary stages or variants of published works, frequently also pictorial materials. Personal papers may additionally include biographical sources like school or university certificates, rewards or documents, often also photographs.

Photographs are recorded in the respective inventories. Additionally, they are in process of being digitized in collaboration with the Division Map Collection and Image Archive to be included in the Bildarchiv (Image Archive), where they can be searched, selected and ordered online.

Using the collection of the Bildarchiv

In some cases, a selection of private books may be part of the unit. A great number of these books have been included in the OPACplus/ BSB catalogue and may be searched by the keywords "BSB-Provenienz Nachlass …". As far as they have been transferred to the library’s general collection, they may be ordered online.

OPACplus/ BSB catalogue

Arrangement of the papers

Modern papers proper

In 1829 modern papers was introduced as a separate administrative unit by Johann Andreas Schmeller. Until then corresponding sources had been treated as manuscripts and registered according to the established scheme – with reference to the language of the documents for instance as Codices latini, germanici or gallici; if predominantly illustrated, sometimes also as Cod.icon. Consequently, they can be searched in the printed manuscript catalogues, as well as in the printed catalogue by Karl Dachs.

List of the printed manuscript catalogues
Dachs, Karl: Die schriftlichen Nachlässe in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München

From 1829 personal papers have been kept under shelfmarks adapted from the family names of the respective persons. The first array of papers Schmeller catalogued under "Doceniana" were those of his predecessor in the library and fellow scholar of German studies, Joseph Bernhard Docen. Notwithstanding, certain types of material, such as manuscripts of literary or academic works, for a transitory period kept on being assigned to the established shelfmarks for all manuscripts.

As a result of the continuously increasing number and size of personal papers, it was decided to switch to a numerical sequence beginning with "Ana 301", identifying personal papers only by the former ending "Ana".

As far as complying with legal requirements, PDF registers to personal papers are provided in the OPACplus/ BSB catalogue and can be consulted online.

OPACplus/ BSB catalogue

Fragmentary collections

Having been established in 1982 as Fasciculi germanici (Fasc.germ.), fragmentary collections constitute a compromise, mainly defined by its size in between the main collection of modern papers and the autograph collection. The parts of fragmentary collections are usually constituted by a limited group of letters or documents. They are grouped in numerical sequence and have been extensively catalogued.

Records of the catalogued units of fragmentary collections  (PDF, 0.9 MB)
List of the uncatalogued units of fragmentary collections  (PDF, 119 KB)

The letters held in fragmentary collections (and mentioned in the records of the catalogued parts) can also be searched in the database Kalliope.


Modern papers A – F

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Modern papers G – K

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Modern papers L – Q

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Modern papers R – S

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Modern papers T – Z

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See also: Secondary literature listed under "Autographs"

Dachs, Karl: Adalbert Stifter: zur Geschichte seines Werkes. Ausstellung in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek vom 29.1. – 15.2.1968: Katalog. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 1968.

Dachs, Karl: Erschließung von Nachlässen unter Verwendung bibliothekarischer und archivarischer Methoden. In: Bibliotheksforum Bayern 10 (1982), p. 3-24.

Dachs, Karl; (in collaboration with) Kampmann-Carossa, Eva: Hans Carossa, 1878 – 1956. Ausstellung in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München vom 17.12.1968 – 28.2.1969. München, 1968. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Ausstellungskataloge. 8. 

Dachs, Karl; Dahme, Klaus; (in collaboration with) Britting, Ingeborg: Georg Britting: der Dichter und sein Werk. Ausstellung in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München vom 27.4. – 31.5.1967. München: Süddeutscher Verlag, 1967.

Dachs, Karl; (in collaboration with) Vring, Wilma von der: Georg von der Vring, 1889 – 1968. Ausstellung in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München, 21.1. – 13.3.1971. Bamberg: St. Otto Verlag, 1971. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Ausstellungskataloge. 11.

Dachs, Karl: Katalogisierungsprinzipien für Nachlässe. In: Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen und Bibliographie 12 (1965), 2 p. 80-95.

Fabian, Claudia: Bibliotheken in Nachlässen – Bibliotheken als Nachlässe: Überlegungen anlässlich der Übernahme der Bibliothek von Heinz Friedrich in die Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. In: Buch – Bibliothek – Region. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2014. p. 229-241.

Büchler, Anne: Regeln für die Katalogisierung von Nachlässen und Autographen. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 1982.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Adalbert Stifter (1805 – 1868): Werkmanuskripte und Lebensdokumente. Mitarbeit: Nino Nodia. Gedenkausstellung 12.12.2005 – 3.3.2006. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 2005.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Aufstellung und Signierung von Nachlässen und Autographen. In: Bibliotheksforum Bayern 10 (1982), p. 25-41.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Die eigenhändigen Briefe und Aufzeichnungen von Richard Strauss in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. In: Richard Strauss: Autographen, Porträts, Bühnenbilder. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Ausstellung zum 50. Todestag: 11.6. – 5.8.1999. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 1999. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Ausstellungskataloge. 70.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Franz Graf Pocci (1807 – 1876): Schriftsteller, Zeichner, Komponist unter drei Königen. Ausstellung vom 27.7. – 14.10.2007. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 2007. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Ausstellungskataloge. 78.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Graf Pocci und das kulturelle München: Gedächtnisausstellung der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek in Verbindung mit dem Staatsarchiv München aus Anlaß des 100. Todestages Poccis vom 19.5. – 25.6.1976. Regensburg: Passavia, 1976. Staatliche Archive Bayerns: Kleine Ausstellungsführer. 3. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Kleine Ausstellungsführer. 30.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Gustav Mahlers Briefe. In: Weiß, Günther; Moisy, Sigrid von; Schaefer, Hartmut: Gustav Mahler: Briefe und Musikautographen aus den Moldenhauer-Archiven in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 2003. p. 35-67. Patrimonia. 157.

Moisy, Sigrid von; Schaumberg, Uta; (in collaboration with) Gmeinwieser, Siegfried; Schaefer, Hartmut: Joseph Haas (1879 – 1960): Mittler zwischen Max Reger und der Neuen Musik. Gedenkausstellung zum 125. Geburtstag. 18.3. – 14.5.2004. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 2004.

Moisy, Sigrid von; Nodia, Nino; Ikas, Wolfgang-Valentin: Ein Leben im Gegenglück des Geistes: Heinz Friedrich (1922 – 2004) – Verleger, Autor, Akademiepräsident. Eine Ausstellung der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek, München, 10.6. – 21.8.2005. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 2005. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Ausstellungskataloge. 76.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Hermann Lenz: vergangene Gegenwart: die Eugen-Rapp-Romane. Ausstellung vom 19.1. – 3.3.2001. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 2001.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Martius in München: Streiflichter aus dem häuslichen und geselligen Leben. In: Helbig, Jörg (ed.): Brasilianische Reise 1817 – 1820: Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius zum 200. Geburtstag. Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt 16.9. – 16.10.1994; Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde München, Dezember 1994 bis April 1995. München: Hirmer, 1994. p. 85-116.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Nachlaßsammlungen in bayerischen Bibliotheken. In: Littger, Klaus Walter (ed.): Entwicklungen und Bestände: bayerische Bibliotheken im Übergang zum 21. Jahrhundert: Hermann Holzbauer zum 65. Geburtstag. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2003. p. 195-213.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Paul Heyse: Münchner Dichterfürst im bürgerlichen Zeitalter. Ausstellung in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek 23.1. – 11.4.1981. München: Beck, 1981. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Ausstellungskataloge. 23.

Hell, Helmut; Moisy, Sigrid von; Wolff, Barbara: Quellen zur Musikgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts: Alban Berg und die Zweite Wiener Schule; Musiker im amerikanischen Exil; Bavarica; Erwerbungen aus der Sammlung Moldenhauer. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Houghton Library: gemeinsame Ausstellung, München 21.7. – 9.9.1988, Cambridge [Mass.], Oktober 1988. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek u. a., 1988. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Ausstellungskataloge. 45.

Moisy, Sigrid von: Die Vossiana der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. In: Baudach, Frank (ed.): Johann Heinrich Voß (1751 – 1826): Beiträge zum Eutiner Symposium im Oktober 1994. Eutin: Struve, 1997. p. 275-293. Eutiner Forschungen. 5.

Moisy, Sigrid von: „Werft jenen Wust verblichner Schrift ins Feuer ...“: Gedanken zu Archivierwürdigkeit, Kassation und Erschließungstiefe von Nachlässen aus der Praxis der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. In: Wolfenbütteler Notizen zur Buchgeschichte 33 (2008), p. 135-149.

Rückert, Ingrid: Karl Friedrich Neumann als Begründer der chinesischen Büchersammlung an der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. In: Saeculum 60 (2010), 1 p. 115-142.
Chinese translation: „Xiyou er jiazhiliancheng de zhongwen wenxian ziliao – bafaliya guojia tushuguan zhongwen shuji guancang de chuangjianzhe: ka'r folidelixi nuoyiman“ (German title). In: International Sinology 23 (2012), S. 132-156.

Rückert, Ingrid: Karl Friedrich Neumann, „ein vollkommener Freigeist“: Werden und Wirken des Gelehrten. In: Xu-Lackner, Yan (ed.): Die Bücher des letzten Kaiserreichs: Katalog zur Ausstellung über das Leben des China-Forschers Karl Friedrich Neumann mit Exponaten aus seiner Sammlung seltener Sinica. Erlangen: FAU University Press, 2012. p. 17-37.

Horn, Reinhard; Rückert, Ingrid; (in collaboration with) Busley, Hermann-Joseph; Klemmer, Lieselotte: Ludwig I. von Bayern: der königliche Mäzen. Ausstellungskatalog der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Bayerischen Hauptstaatsarchiv. München, 1986. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Ausstellungskataloge. 38.

„Max Reger – Accordarbeiter“: Max Reger in den Sammlungen der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München und des Max-Reger-Instituts Karlsruhe. Ausstellung in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek vom 21.1. – 6.3 2011. Herausgegeben von der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek ... Autorin: Susanne Popp. Redaktion: Ingrid Rückert ... Beigefügt: Erstausgabe von 39 Briefen an Herzog Georg II. von Sachsen-Meiningen. München: Henle, 2011.

Paul Heyse – ein Liebling der Musen: (1830 – 1914). Schatzkammerausstellung in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek vom 4.4. – 22.6.2014. Herausgegeben von der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. Autorin: Ingrid Rückert. München: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 2014. Kleine Ausstellungsführer / Neue Reihe. 1.

Rückert, Ingrid: Paul Heyse und die Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: der Nachlass des Literaturnobelpreisträgers und Italienkenners. In: Bertazzoli, Raffaella; Grube, Christoph; Och, Gunnar (ed.): Kulturelle Mittlerschaft: Paul Heyse und Italien. Würzburg: Königshausen und Neumann, 2016. p. 197-216.

Richard Wagner: die Münchner Zeit (1864 – 1865). Ausstellung in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek vom 15.3. – 28.5.2013: Erstveröffentlichung von Briefen Cosima und Hans von Bülows zu Tristan und Isolde. Herausgegeben von der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. Autorinnen: Sabine Kurth und Ingrid Rückert. Redaktion: Reiner Nägele. München: Allitera Verlag, 2013. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: Ausstellungskataloge. 87.

Spuren des Märchenkönigs: Ludwig II. und die Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Ausstellung: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 27.9. – 11.12.2011. Katalog und Ausstellung: Cornelia Jahn. Autoren: Friederike Berger ... Regensburg: Pustet, 2011.

Ruf, Paul: Codices bavarici: Handschriften zur Geschichte Bayerns in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. In: Zeitschrift für bayerische Landesgeschichte 18 (1955), p. 1-39.
[Contains a commented list of sets of personal papers of "persons born in Bavaria or living and working here predominantly"]

Schreiber, Maximilian: „Aber ich sehe keine seelische Möglichkeit, jemals wieder für dauernd nach Deutschland zu gehen“: erste Briefe emigrierter Altertumswissenschaftler nach Deutschland 1945 bis 1947. In: Bibliotheksforum Bayern (2016), 1 p. 34-37.

Schreiber, Maximilian; Tabery, Thomas: Der Erste Weltkrieg in Fernost: Quellen und Dokumente zur Kolonie Tsingtau in der Sammlung Neukamp. In: Bibliotheksmagazin (2014), 3 p. 24-29.

Fabian, Claudia; Schreiber; Maximilian: Der Nachlass von Emil Preetorius in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek: was sich hinter der Signatur „Ana 674“ verbirgt. In: Bibliotheksforum Bayern (2016), 2 p. 100-103.

Schreiber, Maximilian: Nachlassverzeichnisse im Netz – Ein Projekt der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. In: O-Bib: das offene Bibliotheksjournal 2 (2015), 4 p. 257-267.

Schreiber, Maximilian: Privatarchive zum Ersten Weltkrieg virtuell geöffnet. In: Bibliotheksforum Bayern (2011), 3 p. 193-195.

Schreiber, Maximilian: Der wissenschaftliche Nachlass von Hans Fromm in der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek: mit einem Auszug aus Fromms „Finnischem Tagebuch“ aus dem Jahr 1943. In: Jahrbuch für deutsch-finnische Literaturbeziehungen 42 (2010), p. 178-186.