The Greek collection amounts to a total of approximately 67,000 volumes. Out of this total, around 12,000 volumes were published in Old Greek before 1820. Within the framework of the area of collection emphasis "Modern-Age Greece" funded by the German Research Foundation between 1949 and 2015, a collection encompassing around 55,000 volumes could be established, whose focus is on researching the Greek world of the early and later modern age (after 1453) with respect to history, literature and culture. The collection consists predominantly of printed materials. The annual increase has amounted to around 1,200 monographs in recent years. The collection also includes periodicals, with over 470 titles, with 150 of them being current ones. They are electronic journals in part, whose proportion has increased gradually in recent years.
From 1949 to 2015, the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek was also in charge of the area of collection emphasis "Byzantium" (6.15) within the framework of the programme of supraregional literature provision funded by the German Research Foundation. This area of collection emphasis has been integrated in the Specialised Information Service Classical Studies – Propylaeum ("Fachinformationsdienst Altertumswissenschaften – Propylaeum") since 2016.
This collection on Byzantium (up to 1453) encompasses around 50,000 volumes. The annual increase has amounted to around 300 volumes in recent years. The collection also includes periodicals, with around 100 titles, of which around 57 are current ones. The majority of the historical holdings are available digitally in the open-access format using the library catalogue.