Portals and apps
bavarikon is the portal leading to the art, culture and regional information of Bavaria. It presents treasures of art, culture and knowledge from various institutions of the Free State in digital form. The spectrum runs the gamut from deeds, archive materials and medieval manuscripts to paintings and photographs, monuments and castles up to objects of fine art and the people's culture.
- Over 200,000 cultural objects
- Statues and art objects in 3D views, rotatable in all directions
- A location database with 90,000 Bavarian locations, communities, administrative districts, forests, waters and mountains
- Over 14,000 short biographies of important persons
- The great works of Bavarian cartography
- Virtual exhibitions
bavarikon is continuously expanded in cooperation with numerous museums, archives, libraries and other institutions.
Pillar of the digitization strategy
bavarikon is a joint initiative of the State Ministry of Education and Culture, Science and the Arts and the State Ministry of Finance, Land Development and Heritage. The portal forms part of the Bavarian cultural concept and is one of the pillars of the digitization strategy of the Bavarian State Government. The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek manages the day-to-day technical, editorial and organisational operation of bavarikon.
The bavarikon council, currently consisting of 13 members with voting rights, provides advice to the management level for their fundamental decisions with regard to the technical operation and the digitization strategy. Within the management level's guidelines, the bavarikon council takes decisions about the digitization projects.
Development of bavarikon
bavarikon was set up in 2012 as a further development of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online (Bavarian Regional Library Online). In 2013, the online launch of the beta version of the portal took place. The regular operation of bavarikon was started in May 2015. Since the autumn of 2015, new digital materials have been added to bavarikon on a monthly basis.
Ceynowa, Klaus; Kellner, Stephan: Das bayerische Kulturportal bavarikon – digital, vernetzt, spartenübergreifend. In: Euler, Ellen; Hagedorn-Saupe, Monika; Maier, Gerald; Schweibenz, Werner (ed.): Handbuch Kulturportale: Online-Angebote aus Kultur und Wissenschaft. Berlin; Boston, 2015. p. 292-300.
Ceynowa, Klaus; Kellner, Stephan: Das neue Portal "bavarikon": Schaufenster der Kultur- und Wissensschätze Bayerns. In: Tourismus Management Passport. Special edition 2015. Tourismus and the City. p. 38-40.
Sepp, Florian: Das bayerische Kulturportal bavarikon – von der Beta-Version zum Regelbetrieb. In: Bibliotheks-Magazin (2015) 3, p. 42-45.
Ceynowa, Klaus; Sepp, Florian: Das Landesportal BAVARIKON in kulturpolitischer Perspektive. In: Bibliotheksmagazin (2016) 2, p. 13-16.
Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online
The Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online (BLO - Bavarian Regional Library Online) is the central arts and humanities information portal for Bavaria. In cooperation with over 50 partner institutions, the portal offers digital sources and representations concerning Bavarian culture and regional history.
The BLO connects digital services from and about Bavaria offered by various institutions. The main focus is on presenting, indexing and providing sources digitally in a generally understandable way.
The Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online provides:
- Digitized specialist literature such as the "Zeitschrift für bayerische Landesgeschichte"
- The "historical atlas of Bavaria", a historical-topographic description of Bavaria from the Middle Ages to the present
- Map materials: over 1,000 historical maps, mostly from the holdings of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, which have been digitized and geographically referenced by the University Library of Regensburg
- Sources such as the minutes of the Bavarian parliament, for example
- Prints and manuscripts, such as the chronology of bishops (Bischofschronik) by Lorenz Fries
- Information about Nazi loot at the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
- Speaking linguistic atlases giving information about Bavarian dialects and where they are spoken
- Digitized newspapers
- Chronological and topical key aspects of Bavarian history
- Central search access concerning persons and locations
History of the BLO
The cultural-studies portal Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online (BLO) is the first and oldest one of the Web services in the field of Bavarica. Going live in 2002, it was the first regional information portal in Germany.
Under the auspices of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the University Libraries of Augsburg and Regensburg started their cooperation in the year 2000. Later, the University Library of Würzburg, the Regional Library of Coburg and the City Library of Bamberg joined the project as participants. During the initial years, the project was funded by the State Ministry of Education and Culture, Science and the Arts.
The Committee for Bavarian Regional History at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences was one of the initial partners. The group of partner institutions was soon expanded also by archives, museums and universities. This broad network of fields of specialisation and locations ensures that on the one hand all relevant topics are covered as comprehensively as possible and in a qualified manner, and on the other hand that the regional aspect is taken account of sufficiently not only with respect to the contents, but also with respect to the contributors and their specific locations.
Academic Board of Advisers
From the start, specialist scholars have been involved in the project in different functions and forms. Since the start of 2004, this cooperation has been institutionalised in the form of an Academic Board of Advisers under the chairmanship of the Munich regional historian Ferdinand Kramer.
In addition to regional history, currently also the disciplines of literature, art history, linguistics and ethnic studies are represented.
Further development to form bavarikon
The BLO represents the starting point and the core of the portal "bavarikon", which was launched in 2013. Currently, central contents of the BLO are being migrated to bavarikon and the role of the BLO is redefined as a service offered in addition to bavarikon.
Kellner, Stephan; Kempf, Klaus: Zehn Jahre Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online (BLO). In: Bibliotheksforum Bayern [Neue Folge] 7 (2013) 1, p. 6-9.
Kellner, Stephan: Die bayerische Pfalz im Internet: auf dem Webportal „Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online“ (BLO) wird man auch zur Historie der linksrheinischen Rheinpfalz fündig. In: Die Pfalz 64 (2013) 1, p. 12-13.
Dütsch, Karin: Gelungener Reifeprozess: 10 Jahre Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online. In: Bayerische Staatszeitung 12/07/2012.
Sepp, Florian: 10 Jahre Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online: Bilanz einer Erfolgsgeschichte. In: Mitteilungen des Verbandes Bayerischer Geschichtsvereine 25 (2011), p. 21-44.
Kellner, Stephan: Der „Kini“ virtuell: Ludwig II. im Internet. In: Jahn, Cornelia (ed.): Spuren des Märchenkönigs: Katalog und Ausstellung. Regensburg, 2011. p. 99-101.
Kellner, Stephan: Vernetzt und im Netz: das kulturwissenschaftliche Informationsportal „Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online“ (BLO). In: Bibliotheksforum Bayern [Neue Folge] 2 (2008) 1, p. 31-35.
Historisches Lexikon Bayerns
The Historisches Lexikon Bayerns (Historical Encyclopaedia of Bavaria) is an encyclopaedia on Bavarian history published exclusively online. It offers up-to-date research information to everybody interested in the history of Bavaria.
Bavarian history from the beginnings to the present
The encyclopaedia has been developed since 2006 as a central scholarly reference work on all questions of Bavarian history from the beginnings to the present. The available resources are continuously expanded. Experts write the articles of the encyclopaedia on the basis of up-to-date research results. An academic board of advisers ensures the quality of the articles in cooperation with the editorial office and the authors. The encyclopaedia is a service for specialists in the field and the general public alike.
The Historical Encyclopaedia of Bavaria provides:
- Around 1,000 encyclopaedia articles on the regional history of Bavaria, Franconia, Swabia and Palatinate
- Important source documents and partly images accessible for the first time
- Bavarian history from prehistoric times to the present
- A scalable map on which all Bavarian locations can be selected which are mentioned in encyclopaedia article
The encyclopaedia is a cooperative project of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the Committee for Bavarian Regional History at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and the Conference of Regional Historians at the Bavarian universities.
A first module was drawn up for the epoch of the Weimar Republic (1918/ 1919 – 1933) from 2005 to 2007. The areas of topics include the years of the Weimar Republic from the time of the revolution in 1918/ 1919 to the so-called seizure of power of the national socialists in 1933. The 550 articles belonging to this module have been published by now, with only a small number of exceptions.
The second module, the late Middle Ages, was started in 2007/ 2008. For Old Bavaria, 800 articles treat the time from the division of the territories since the mid-13th century up to the unification of Bavaria in 1505 and the introduction of the order of primogeniture in 1506. For Franconia and Swabia, the period starts with the end of the Interregnum in 1273 and ends around 1500 before the Protestant Reformation and the Peasants' War. The articles have been published successively since the autumn of 2008.
In 2008, work was started on the third epoch module, contemporary history. It encompasses the period from the end of the Second World War in 1945 up to the present. For this module, 500 articles are intended, which have been published successively since 2010.
Bader, Matthias: 10 Jahre Historisches Lexikon Bayerns, 10 Jahre wissenschaftlich fundierte Landesgeschichte im Internet, auch zur Pfalz. In: Die Pfalz 67 (2016) 2, p. 16.
Bader, Matthias; Rittenauer, Daniel; Zech-Kleber, Bernhard von: 10 Jahre Historisches Lexikon Bayerns, 10 Jahre wissenschaftlich fundierte Landesgeschichte im Internet. In: Frankenland: Zeitschrift für fränkische Geschichte, Kunst und Kultur 2 (2016), p. 135-138.
Bader, Matthias: Das Historische Lexikon Bayerns. In: Bibliotheksforum Bayern [Neue Folge] 7 (2013) 1, p. 15.
Sepp, Florian: Das Spätmittelalter im World Wide Web: 800 Artikel im Historischen Lexikon Bayerns behandeln die spätmittelalterliche Geschichte Altbayerns, Frankens, Schwabens und der Pfalz. In: Akademie aktuell (2010) 2, p. 26-27.
Haslauer, Johannes: Das Historische Lexikon Bayerns: wissenschaftlich fundierte Informationen zur bayerischen Landesgeschichte im Internet. In: Amperland 46 (2010) 4, p. 125-127.
Sepp, Florian: Das „Historische Lexikon Bayerns“: ein Internet-Lexikon auch zur fränkischen Geschichte. In: Frankenland [Neue Folge] 59 (2007) 3, p. 214-217.
Latzin, Ellen: Das Historische Lexikon Bayerns: bayerische Geschichte im Internet. In: Zeitschrift für bayerische Landesgeschichte 69,3 (2006), p. 810-1183.
Consisting of nine modules, the Literature Portal Bavaria offers a colourful overview of Bavaria's literary landscape. The placement into context and interconnection of authors, publications and institutions offers an appropriate platform to the literary life in the cities and regions. The portal represents a compendium of knowledge, a fund and a forum for laymen and experts alike.
The Literature Portal Bavaria offers:
- Autorinnen & Autoren (authors): Portraits of Bavarian writers
- Zeitschriften (journals): Encyclopaedia of literary journals from "Akzente" to "Gegenwart"
- Nachlässe (personal papers): Search module including over 1,500 sets of personal papers
- Literaturland (land of literature): literary strolls, memorial sites, portraits of towns and cities
- Themen (topics): a stroll across the Munich Oktoberfest, summer retreat, amazons, villains and more
- Blog: Reports of events, interviews and exclusive contributions by authors
- Institutionen (institutions): comprehensive register of literary institutions
- Preise & Förderungen (awards & sponsorships): Deadlines and further information for writers
- Literaturkalender (literature calendar): current events across Bavaria
Protagonist in the literary scene
Moreover, the Literature Portal Bavaria increasingly also enters the literary scene as a protagonist: Events, publications, a radio channel and interactive services in the portal and social media are leading to an amalgamation of the virtual and the real world of literature.
The Literature Portal Bavaria is a project of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in cooperation with Monacensia, Literature Archive and Library, an institute of the Munich City Library, funded and guided by the Bavarian State Ministry of Education and Culture, Science and the Arts, supported by the Bavarian capital of Munich, sponsored by the Bayerische Sparkassenstiftung.
Literature Portal on Facebook
Literature Portal on Twitter
Czoik, Peter; Reiter, Evelyn: Literaturportal Bayern – das Blaue vom Himmel: ein Kooperationsprojekt der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek mit der Monacensia. In: Jahrbuch der Freunde der Monacensia e. V. (2014), p. 43-58.
Schley, Fridolin (ed.): Fremd: Anthologie mit Texten von 18 AutorInnen: ein Reader zum Fremden in uns und unserer Gesellschaft in Kooperation mit dem literaturportal-bayern.de. München, 2015.
Kellner, Stephan: Das Blaue vom Himmel: Bayern hat ein Literaturportal. In: Bibliotheksforum Bayern [Neue Folge] 7 (2013) 1, p. 10-11.
Czoik, Peter: Schlaglichter auf „das Blaue vom Himmel“: das Literaturportal Bayern stellt sich vor. In: Bayern im Buch: Literatur aus Altbayern, Schwaben und Franken (2012) 2, p. 3-4.
Kellner, Stephan: Das Blaue vom Himmel: Bayern hat ein Literaturportal. In: Bibliotheksmagazin (2012) 3, p. 44-47.
Engleitner, Carl Hans: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: regional und international: Literaturportal Bayern: spektakulärer Fund zur Bibelüberlieferung: Finissage in Peking. In: Bayernspiegel (2012) 3, p. 34-35.
Stalla, Bernhard: Das Literaturportal der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München ist ein neues Netzwerk für die Literatur und Kultur in Bayern. In: Weiß-blaue Rundschau 55 (2012) 4, p. 16.
Apps from the area of Bavarica
Five apps of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek are connected to Bavaria with regard to content.
Ludwig II – Walking in the footsteps of a fairytale king
The app addresses the life, the buildings and the companions of the probably most famous of Bavarian kings.
The app offers:
- A 3D map as an orientation aid between the historical locations of the king's life and activities
- Image gallery with over 400 photographs
- Audio files with quotes of contemporary witnesses such as Bismarck, Elisabeth of Austria or Ludwig II
- Real-time detection of locations with information on the buildings and building plans of Ludwig II
- Annual calendar with the most important events from the life of Ludwig II
- Features such as 3D castle models and structural diagrams
- Video files with experts explaining the history and architecture of the castles
The app is a free-of-charge service offered by the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in cooperation with the Bavarian Department of state-owned Palaces, Gardens and Lakes. The current version 2.0 has been extended in content and brought completely up to date technically.
The app can be downloaded from the iTunes Store or also to different smart phones with the aid of various augmented reality browsers such as junaio, Layar or Wikitude.
Bavaria in historical maps
Since 2013, the app has invited users to come on a fascinating discovery trip of historical Bavaria on the basis of six geographically referenced maps. The maps are from the most important map collection of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich. 257 map sheets from the 16th to the 19th century were digitized and geo-referenced in their entirety for the app. The cartographic maps of Apian (Landtafeln, 1568) or the "Topographischer Atlas vom Königreiche Baiern" (topographic atlas of the Kingdom of Bavaria, 1812 – 1867) can be viewed in all details and explored interactively.
The app offers:
- A time line for navigation through the centuries
- Over 2,500 points of interest with detailed information about locations, castles, monasteries and residences in the vicinity of the user's current position
- 800 digitized historical views of locations by Michael Wening, Matthäus Merian und Hartmann Schedel in high-resolution quality
- Focus on Nuremberg with a broad variety of information in multiple media formats
The app was developed in cooperation with the Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte (Center of Bavarian History), the Bavarian Department of state-owned Palaces, Gardens and Lakes and the Bavarian State Agency for Digitization, Broadband and Land Surveying.
The app is available free of charge at the iTunes Store and the Google Play Store.
A poet's ways – Walking in the footsteps of Jean Paul
This app presents the Franconian writer Jean Paul, including all facets of his life and work. Jean Paul, actually named Johann Paul Friedrich Richter (1763 – 1825), is regarded as a unique figure of the history of German literature. His extensive work forms an alternative concept to the Weimar Classicism and also to Romanticism. His breakthrough was the novel "Die unsichtbare Loge" (The invisible lodge, 1792). Highly popular at his time, the writer maintained contacts with personalities such as E.T.A. Hoffmann, Schiller or Hegel.
The app offers:
- A digital hiking guide of the Jean Paul hiking trail in Upper Franconia
- Samples of the works of Jean Paul for both reading and listening
- Detailed information about the life, relationships and environment of Jean Paul
Jean Paul personally guides the user through the app as a comic-book character, together with his dog. The dog even also has his say in the form of quotes called "Hundspost" (dog's messages).
The app was developed on the occasion of Jean Paul's 250 birthday by the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek and the Bayerische Sparkassenstiftung in cooperation with the joint project Jean Paul hiking trail in Upper Franconia and the association Jean Paul 2013, as well as the agency P.medien.
The app is available free of charge at the iTunes Store and the Google Play Store.
Cultural highlights of Bavaria "at your fingertip": With the app bavarikon 3D, Bavarian cultural institutions present outstanding objects of art and culture from their collections in the form of 3D digital copies. Sculptures, historical globes and medieval manuscripts can be turned back and forth, rotated and moved in any desired direction on the touch screen of iPads and iPhones. This even makes it possible to view details of objects which would be invisible in a conventional presentation. The high-resolution digitization permits zooming in for an exact view of even the smallest details. The user is also provided with descriptions of the objects and information about the artists.
The initial collection of bavarikon 3D includes seven objects, such as Judith with Holofernes from the Bavarian National Museum or a terrestrial globe of Philip Apian from the 16th century . The app is continuously expanded by new digital objects.
bavarikon3D is a service provided within the framework of the digital cultural portal bavarikon. bavarikon is the portal for the art, culture and regional studies of the Free State of Bavaria. The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek is responsible for the technical development, operation and editorial management of bavarikon3D. The app was produced by the Internet agency Bokowsky+Laymann in cooperation with the Chair for Applied Software Engineering, Prof. Bernd Brügge, of the Technical University of Munich.
The app is available free of charge at the iTunes Store.